I am finally unveiling what I’ve been working on for more than two months: my back yard landscape plan! It is as complete as it’s going to be, so let’s take a look.
I want to walk you through my process, because I am really jazzed about how it went. I used Adobe Illustrator as my landscape design tool, rather than the traditional graph paper and tracing paper. I took a landscaping class in February and the idea of re-drawing the entire thing every time I wanted to move something or change something frustrated me really quickly. Fortunately, I have an older copy of Illustrator on my home computer and, measurements of my back yard in hand, I created a document where each square on the grid represented 1 foot of my back yard. Made the math part really easy (click to enlarge).
So without further ado, let’s walk through the steps.
Here’s the back yard (and sides) as it exists now. North is to the right. Pretty much everything that’s white in here is turf grass and/or bare ground. I have some existing planted areas, such as my raspberries. Some areas are so shady (like the corner by the compost bin) that no grass will grow there. The concrete sidewalk is old and tree roots have made it very uneven. Speaking of trees, here’s the same landscape with existing shade trees and drainage problems:
The green shady areas are the areas of more than 75% shade. You could extend those borders out even a bit further if you wanted to include the 35-50% shade areas. The blue is where we have standing water in the spring — it also floods our garage each year.
And here is the plan! We’ll maintain a pretty large turf area for now, because the kids need room to play. Everything that’s white will be mulched with wood chips — we’re going to need a couple trucks full! The biggest components of this project, however, are going to be: building a cedar trellis/arbor over the deck and completely removing the sidewalk. Adam will be doing his best John Henry impression with a sledgehammer to get that sidewalk outta there. Our dads will likely help him build the arbor.
The weirdest part about following the landscape design process is that you don’t pick your plants until dead last. I had a couple plants in mind all along, of course, but I forced myself to keep an open mind in case they wouldn’t fit into the areas I had planned. You plan for sizes and shapes of plants first, then find plants that fit the bill.
One thing that really helped me finalize where everything was positioned was doing an exercise to mark access points where people would be frequently walking through:
This diagram actually still shows the existing sidewalk too, so you can see that the new plants will actually be in the exact spot the sidewalk is now. I had several a-ha moments while adding all these little arrows, and it really helped me to finalize the design and feel confident about my choices.
I’m still in the process of finalizing plant lists for the rain garden and the smaller perennials that will go under the viburnums on the right (north). My goal is for the entire back yard to contain only plants that are native to Minnesota and/or the Upper Midwest. So that limits my choices quite a bit, but I’m very excited to see all the birds and butterflies that will assuredly show up here in the next few years as these plants mature.
This post is getting a bit long, so I think I will go ahead and save a detailed plant list with descriptions for another night. If you can think of a great native plant for a shady water garden or a shady understory garden, please add it in the comments below! Also, what do you think? I’m pretty excited.
March 19, 2012 at 6:58 am
I’d like to know how you worked out the shaded areas. I’ve been in my house for 5 years now and still can’t really identify the sunniest spot.
March 19, 2012 at 10:25 am
I went out in the back yard on a sunny winter day and sketched everything out in a notebook. Then I took measurements of everything I could think of. Then I stood and looked up at the bare branches of the trees and marked where their edges were on my drawing, using landmarks like the sandbox. It’s definitely approximate.
Another method for determining how much sun any one location gets is to dedicate a day to recording, like some weekend day when you’re going to be at home, after the trees have leafed out in the spring. So you write down 9AM, 10AM, 11AM, etc. and then at each of those times you look at the spot and write sun, filtered sunlight, or shade. That should give you a pretty good ballpark idea.
One day a couple summers ago I actually took a picture of a spot every hour for the whole day.
Hope that helps!
March 25, 2012 at 11:11 pm
Wow that is truly amazing. Gorgeous job!
August 13, 2020 at 8:59 am
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